Is it time to kick the cobwebs out of you favorite hunting bow? Every year we all hear stories of the buck that got away because of equipment failure.  But it is one part of hunting failure that can be avoided with a little effort and common sense.

By doing the maintenance early, you can work with it longer and really be prepared for the hunting season in the fall.

The purpose of maintenance is to ensure that you have a bow that will launch the arrow that will have good smooth, stable flight and accurate results at the target. Generally speaking, good flight will have good results.

Begin by placing the bow on a table or in a bow vice with a white cotton cloth. The white cloth helps when if you have to look for a dropped screw or other small part.  Examine the bow beginning at one end and working toward the other.  Make note of any unusual wear of a part of the bow.  Look for dirty wheels, frayed string or cable, loose arrow rest, loose nocking point or peep site, or any broken parts.

After the initial inspection, look at your notes and order or purchase the parts you are going to need to fix or replace these parts. If it has been a year or more since you replaced the cables or string, you will probably need to do it again now.

Unless you have replaced a cable or bowstring on your bow previously, it is probably a good idea to have the pro at your archery shop take care of it. He has the equipment to do so without throwing your wheels out or alignment.  Remember that a compound bow is under tension all the time.  When you release that tension, the wheels move as do the limbs, cables and string.  Getting everything back together again can be a bit tricky.

While the bow is apart, check the wheel bearings and axles. Make sure they move freely.  Pull the axles and lube them as a preventative measure.  It is also a good time to lube the limb bolts.

Once these parts are taken care of you can do the rest of the maintenance yourself. Check the tiller.  The tiller is the distance between the base of the limb, where it enter the limb pocket, and the bowstring.  If you shoot a release, the tiller distance for the bottom and top limbs should be the same.  Some archers prefer a slightly longer distance at the top limb.  But, never more than 1/8th inch.  The advantage to always having the limbs at equal tiller is that if there is a difference, you know that something moved and should be checked.

Next check the synchronization of the wheels. For accuracy, the wheels should both turn at the same time.  Have someone draw the bow while you check the turning over of the wheels.  If they are not turning over together, check your owner’s manual or with archery pro-shop to see how to get them back in alignment.

Examine the condition of the arrow rest. If it shows signs of unusual wear or is broken, it should be replaced.  If it has adjustments for tension, now is the time to work with it.  Do so slowly so as not to over adjust it.  The instruction sheets that come with many rests, give information on adjustment and fine tuning.  Otherwise seek advice from a pro.

Once you are satisfied with the rest, it is time to install nocking points and peep sights. The location of the nocking point is dependent on the type of rest.  Shoot‑through models work better with the nocking point at one angle while plunger models and launchers require higher nocking points.

To adjust the location of nocking points, peep sights and kisser buttons requires the assistance of another person. The owner of the bow draws it with the release and arrow that he plans to use later.  The other person, adjust the points, peep and kisser.  Once the location has been ascertained, they are then installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Finally, check the bowsight for loose or broken parts. Repair or replace as necessary.  Wipe down the bow with a soft cotton cloth and you are ready to take to the field.

By paying attention to the details of bow maintenance, you are prepared to take to the field fully confident that it will perform satisfactorily. Practice with it and periodically check it out during the season to make sure nothing has changed or broken.


Posted 06/13/2016 by Donald Gasaway in Bowhunting

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